Communiqué

Somalia Partnership Forum
Mogadishu 5th of December 2017

Preamble

1. Representatives from 25 countries and 6 multilateral organizations, as well as
representatives from all of Somalia’s Federal Member States and the Benadir
Regional Administration, gathered in Mogadishu on the 5th of December 2017 to
participate in the inaugural Somalia Partnership Forum officially opened by H.E.
Mohamed Abdulahi Mohamed (Farrmajo), the President of the Federal Republic of
Somalia and chaired by H.E. Hasan Ali Khaire, the Prime Minister of the Federal
Republic of Somalia.

2. Somalia is emerging from a long and difficult period of instability that has negatively
and adversely affected the nation. However, Somalia is undertaking a robust process
of recovery, aimed at bringing peace, a culture of respect for human rights,
development, and prosperity to the entire country.

3. We deplore and regret the loss of innocent lives as a result of continued terrorist
attacks. In particular, we strongly condemn the 14 October 2017 attack in Mogadishu
that resulted in the deaths of more than 500 innocent women, men, and children. We
are collectively committed to supporting Somalia to confront, deter and eradicate
extremism in all its forms, and in assisting with the development of effective justice
processes as Somalia moves towards reconciliation.

4. The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) has taken concrete steps to secure its long‐
term goal of achieving peace and prosperity for the Somali people, as evidenced by
Somalia’s National Development Plan (NDP), endorsed in 2016, with sets out the
government’s security, politics, and development priorities.

5. The FGS and the international community also endorsed, at the May 2017 London
Conference the New Partnership for Somalia (NPS), a framework for cooperation in
support of Somalia’s National Development Plan.

6. The NPS identifies security, the constitutional settlement, inclusive politics, human
rights and the rule of law, good governance, measures to tackle corruption,
responding to humanitarian crises, and promoting economic recovery as priorities
for shared action.

7. In 2017, the FGS, together with its international partners, reviewed and revised the
aid architecture to ensure coherence and complementarity between the work of the
Somalia Development and Reconstruction Facility (SDRF), the Pillar Working
Groups, the Comprehensive Approach to Security Executive Group (CAS EG) and
associated Strand Working Groups. We call upon all parties to engage with the new
coordination architecture to ensure collective alignment, coherence and strong
cooperation to implement the ambitious agenda ahead.

8. As the apex body for both the SDRF and CAS EG, the Somalia Partnership Forum
convened for the first time today to discuss shared priorities, take stock of progress
achieved in 2017 and review milestones to be achieved in 2018.

9. Throughout the day, partners discussed the importance of linking political and
security progress with economic recovery and humanitarian intervention, noting the
importance of building accountable state institutions, generating greater
opportunities and livelihoods for the benefit of the population, and breaking the
cycle of humanitarian crises. The Somalia Partnership Forum provides the forum for
such overarching discussions and strengthens the spirit of mutual partnership
required to sustained progress.
Political Progress

10. Recognizing that Somalia’s Federal Constitution will be the foundation for stability
and peaceful politics, we welcome the agreement of a road map and Memorandum of
Understanding (MOU) to complete the review of the provisional constitution.

11. We welcome the plan to take the MOU to Federal Member States and the Benadir
Regional Administration for consultations to ensure greater participation and
awareness of all stakeholders. In this regard, we welcome the establishment of the
Ministry of Constitutional Affairs Forum, which brings together Federal and State
Ministries of Constitutional Affairs and the Benadir Regional Administration together
on a quarterly basis, thereby enhancing participation and inclusivity amongst
stakeholders.

12. We welcome the FGS’s commitment to one‐person one‐vote elections in 2021. We
urge all parties to agree on a roadmap to achieve this goal as that reflects the Somali
people’s wish for a more representative and accountable democracy.

13. The roadmap that has been agreed on to secure an electoral law in 2018, the creation
of a working group to take that work forward and the planned consultation with
Federal Member States and Benadir Regional Administration create a platform to
realize the hopes and the aspirations of the Somali people.

14. We welcome the conclusion of recent elections in Somaliland and encourage the
resumption of talks between the FGS and Somaliland.

15. We welcome the joint effort, vision and commitment to Federalism at all levels of
government and the commitment to continued regular and substantive dialogue
between the FGS, FMS and Benadir Regional Administration which will help to take
political decisions to advance the constitutional review process. This unity will be
key to successful progress across Somalia, including during transition and hand over
of security from AMISOM to Somali Security Forces.

16. We welcome progress made in the dialogue process between the Galmudug Interim
Administration and Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a and encourage further progress.

17. We also welcome the FGS’s prioritization of anti‐corruption initiatives and recognize
progress made to develop the building blocks for a culture of accountability,
recognizing the need to engage citizens and create strong institutions to jointly fight
corruption. We urge all parties to continue to advance progress on this front
including through finalization of legislation and implementation of key fiscal and
legal reforms that eliminate corruption.

Security

18. We recognize the valiant efforts by the Somali security forces and AMISOM in the
fight against al‐Shabaab and commend the bravery and commitment of their troops.

19. We note the Somalia Security Conference held on 4 December 2017 where
discussions were held on progress on implementation of the Comprehensive
Approach to Security, the National Security Architecture, AMISOM conditions‐based
transition and the Somali Security Sector, as well as efforts on Stabilization and
Preventing / Countering Violent Extremism. We welcome the discussions held and
key decisions taken at the 4 December Conference, as outlined in that Conference’s
Communique.

20. We also recognize that security does not exist in a vacuum and that sustainable
security reform will enable, but also rely on, broader equitable political, socio and
economic progress as well as strengthened governance and peace‐ and institution‐
building as part of a comprehensive approach to delivering our long‐term vision of a
peaceful and prosperous Somalia. We urge all partners to continue and further
advance this comprehensive approach to security, enabling local reconciliation,
community recovery and prevention of violent extremism to ensure human security.
Humanitarian and Resilience/Recovery

21. We applaud the efforts of the FGS and local relief efforts in responding to the severe
drought that affected Somalis. In particular, we praise the role played by the Somali
people, both in Somalia and abroad, in helping to avert famine.

22. We also applaud the efforts of the international community to mobilize resources and
coordinate relief efforts, which have been instrumental in saving lives in 2017.

23. We welcome the efforts of the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster
Management in the formulation of the National Disaster Management Policy. This
will enhance strategic policy support towards strengthening resilience and ensure
greater inter‐ministerial co‐ordination, as well as effectiveness in overall disaster
management.

24. We also acknowledge Somalia’s leadership on the Comprehensive Refugee Response
Framework (CRRF) and welcome progress on the drafting of the National Action Plan
due to undergo consultations and for presentation at the IGAD meeting of Foreign
Ministers in January 2018.

25. We however remain concerned that 6.2 million people are still in need of
humanitarian assistance due to drought and conflict in Somalia and are particularly
concerned that below average rain falls for a fourth consecutive season and forecast
indications of a fifth consecutive below average season indicate that a risk of famine
remains in many areas in 2018. We also remain concerned that over 1 million people
have been newly displaced, in addition to the 1.2 million already in a state of
protracted displacement.

26. We strongly urge all partners, both local and international, to take necessary actions,
including provision of resources, to ensure continued delivery of urgent

humanitarian relief. The needs of women and vulnerable groups need to be taken
into special account.

27. We also recognize that sustainable investment into resilience and durable solutions,
alongside humanitarian relief, can lift the country out of poverty and reduce risks
from climate‐induced crises and insecurity. It is crucial that we start planning
recovery and durable solutions now to begin reducing levels of chronic vulnerability
and risks.

28. We therefore welcome the FGS’s leadership in undertaking a Drought Impact Needs
Assessment, which will inform the development of a Recovery and Resilience
Framework (RRF), with the full cooperation of the Federal Members States and with
support from the United Nations, World Bank, and the European Union.

29. We endorse the approach of building long‐term recovery and resilience solutions
that address root causes of drought and famine. Somalia is at a critical junction where
it has made huge progress, and these significant yet fragile gains should be protected
and enhanced. The country has stronger, more effective and more accountable
institutions which should increasingly play a role in breaking the cycle of recurrent
crisis.

30. We look forward to the launch of the RRF and the Humanitarian Response Plan early
in 2018, and urge all partners and the FGS to make progressive and incremental
recovery investments targeting priorities. Future investments should be in a
sequenced manner addressing root and structural causes of vulnerability whilst the
humanitarian response proceeds.

Economic Recovery

31. We recognize the important efforts being made by partners to implement the NDP,
in line with the Sustainable Development Goals. We welcome the establishment of
the National Development Council and plans to create the National Economic
Council. Successful and sustained efforts to implement the NDP will contribute to
Somalia’s overall economic recovery.

32. We welcome the drafting of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry’s Company Law
and understand its crucial role in modernizing the business environment in Somalia.
It will enable formalization of the business practice as well as provide a legal
framework conducive for a progressive globally recognized private sector in
partnership with the government. We look forward to the passing of the Company
Law in 2018. We commend the ongoing work on the implementation of the Foreign
Investment Law and support continued development of necessary regulatory
frameworks. Full implementation of this legislation will undoubtedly improve the
investment climate in order to attract foreign investment to drive the economic
engine of Somalia.

33. We recognize progress achieved since the London Conference on advancing the
Public Private Dialogue and welcome the recent passing of the Communications Act
and we seek to support the administration in establishing the National
Communications Authority in a timely manner. We urge all partners to promote a

conducive environment for private sector to flourish in close partnership with
government.

34. We stress the importance of creating sustained employment opportunities,
especially for youth, as the backbone for sustainable economic development.

35. We also recognize progress made in rehabilitating and building crucial
infrastructure, including on sustainable energy sources, to foster economic growth
in Somalia. Substantial further investment is required.

36. We acknowledge the Ministry of Finance’s concrete steps to increase internal
revenue collection and are encouraged by the FGS’ prioritization on achieving
reliable domestic revenue. This will reduce aid dependency and help government
finance its security, human development, institutional recovery as well as provision
of social services to its citizens. Continuous progress on resource mobilization is a
fundamental element to pursue IFI normalization and debt relief to which the
international community reaffirms it commitment and for which effective working
partnerships with the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, African
Development Bank and the Islamic Development Bank is playing an effective role.

37. We welcome the steps taken by the FGS, in line with FGC recommendations, to
directly manage revenue collections and the successful agreement reached between
the FGS and Federal Member States on custom tariff harmonization. We urge that
further progress be made on revenue and resource sharing, especially with regards
to offshore fisheries and extractives.

38. We commend the steps taken by the Benadir Regional Administration to self‐fund
and invest in Public Financial Management (PFM) reforms such as implementing a
robust financial management information system.

39. We call upon the international community to take responsibility for and work with
Somalis to stop illegal, unregulated, and unreported fishing by foreign boats, and to
criminalize the actions of distant water fleets that operate within the unprotected
marine environments of Somalia’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). We also call upon
the international community to support Somalia track the presence of foreign vessels
within their EEZ through the sharing of real‐time data and information gathered from
all domestic patrol boats and navies that operate in or near Somali maritime
boundaries.

40. We recognize the significant progress made by the FGS and its commitment to
successfully completing the second IMF Staff Monitored Programme. We look
forward to the outcomes of the ongoing IMF review.

41. We strongly emphasize the fundamental role that expanded, equitable access to
quality basic services – particularly health, education and social protection – will
play in Somalia’s recovery and collectively commit to support the institutional,
legislative and delivery frameworks needed to achieve this. We recognize that youth
remain the backbone of Somalia’s future and call for action to ensure that youth are
empowered and that there are social and economic opportunities for them. All
parties commit to play our part to protecting and enhancing human rights,

particularly the rights of women, girls and marginalized groups, and call for action
to establish the institutions needed to enhance oversight, monitoring, reporting and
protection of these rights.
New Partnership for Somalia

42. We welcome the development of the Mutual Accountability Framework of the NPS
and endorse this tool as a framework for joint Somalia‐international community
oversight and accountability, recognizing that this tool does not duplicate the NDP
monitoring framework.

43. We applaud the progress achieved in 2017 and urge a collective redoubling of efforts
on those areas where further progress must be achieved.

44. We affirm our collective commitment to achieving the 2018 milestones set out in the
Mutual Accountability Framework, including strengthening our application of
partnership principles.

45. The FGS wishes to thank its development partners for the support provided in 2017.
According to preliminary data, aid to Somalia reached a record high in 2017
estimated at US$ 1.7 billion. This marks a 30% increase compared to the average of
the past three years, primarily driven by the surge in humanitarian support in
response to the ongoing drought. Development aid was also up more than 10% on
2016. However, there is more to do to make progress on all the partnership
principles. In particular, all partners are urged to meet aid flow reporting
requirements, and to undertake joint planning and implementation of ongoing and
future programmes and projects to minimize duplication and maximize overall
impact.

46. We agree to use the Mutual Accountability Framework to inform the agendas of
regular SDRF meeting, to undertake light touch quarterly reviews of the Mutual
Accountability Framework at the SDRF, and to undertake a first substantive review
in six months’ time at the next Somalia Partnership Forum.
Conclusion

47. We thank the FGS for hosting the inaugural Somalia Partnership Forum in Mogadishu
and commit to using this Forum as the venue for high‐level stock‐taking on overall
progress achieved for Somalia.

48. We agree to reconvene the Somalia Partnership Forum, at a to‐be‐determined venue,
at the end of the first half of 2018.

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